Director, Financial Policy and Regulation at the Central Bank of Nigeria, Mr Kevin Amugo, says Nigerian banks recovered about N50.32 million bad loans from debtors within nine days after the country commenced operations of the Global Standing Instruction.
Kevin disclosed on Tuesday at a webinar organised by the Chartered Institute of Bankers of Nigeria Dialogue Series 3.0 in Lagos.
The News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) reports that the discussion had as its theme: Non-Performing Loans and Global Standing Instruction Policy: Impact and Insights for Financial Stability.
The GSI policy became operational from 1 August 2020, as banks struggled to keep their Non Performing Loans ratio low to curb failure and instability in the industry.
According to him, the recovery was made possible by the lending banks through the activation of the GSI protocol.
“The CBN had introduced the GSI as part of measures to curtail the rising Non-Performing Loans (NPLs) in the Nigerian banks and its impacts on the industry.
“It was specifically introduced to support the banking industry in reducing the rate of unserviced loans, improve loan recovery and recovery efforts of banks.
“The amount recovered was, however, insignificant compared with the total of N1.66 billion worth of bad debts by 26,057 customers triggered by the lending banks.
”The size of the recovered NPLs was due to the fact that the CBN was still working on the GSI protocol for non-individual debtors, which means the recovery was made from individual loan defaulters,” he said.
Kevin said that data from the CBN showed that NPLs in banks were higher during the economic downturn, and as the figure of NPLs rise, the instability in the sector worsens.
He said between 2015 and 2017 when the country experienced a sharp drop in crude oil prices, currency crisis as a result of the drop in foreign exchange inflows and the period of recession, the NPLs rose sharply from 5 per cent to 15 per cent.
“However, the CBN report showed that the NPLs ratio declined from 6.6 per cent in April 2020 to 6.4 per cent in June 2020; however the figure still remains above the 6 per cent stipulated threshold by the CBN.
“Also, credit to the economy grew by N3.46 trillion, about 22 percent, of which new credit in June 2020 alone accounted for N773 billion, up from N412.7 billion in May 2020.
“The number of new borrowers similarly rose by about 42,000 to 93,578 from 51,700 in May,” he said.
He said that the huge credit output in the economy was underpinned by improved resilience of the banking system.
The Managing Director of First Bank Nigeria Limited, Mr Adesola Adeduntan, represented by the Chief Risk Officer, FBN, Mr Olusegun Alebiosu, commended CBN for the recovery made so far.
“N50 million recovered is excellent; I am sure after one year, the number of recoveries will increase.
“GSI is what we have been looking forward to as a coordinated approach to addressing the NPL issue in the banking industry.
“You will agree with me that banks’ failure is not ordained, it’s just the behavior of what we have. So, culture is a very big issue to credit; we need to address it,” he said.
Hajia Saratu Iya-Aliyu, National President of the Nigerian Association of Chambers of Commerce, Industry, Mines, and Agriculture, advocated a reduction in interest rates, particularly during such unprecedented time as with the emergence of Coronavirus (COVID -19) pandemic globally.
According to her, one major reason for loan defaulting in Nigeria is unfavorable terms of payment.
Saratu, represented by Mrs Margaret Orakwusi, NACCIMA National Officer, recommended increased nationwide sensitisation by CBN and creditor banks on the GSI policy and its implications for bank customers.
She called for adequate monitoring of creditor banks by the CBN to ensure that the implementation of the GSI policy truly resulted in increased access to finance for bank customers.
The NACCIMA president also recommended the establishment of a clear compensation mechanism for bank customers in the case of wrongful debit due to GSI activation.
Earlier, the CIBN President, Mr Bayo Olugbemi, said that the scourge of bad loans had been a long-standing menace to the Nigerian banking sector.
According to him, the issuance of the GSI policy marks a new dawn in credit management and debt recovery processes in our clime.
“CIBN is fully in support of this GSI policy which will not only enhance more recovery purposes and financial stability but also promote economic prosperity; when borrowers pay their loans, funds are available to the financial institutions to service other customers.
“This way, we can promote shared prosperity and more people can be lifted out of poverty,” he said.