England will face Robert Lewandowski and Poland in the preliminary round for a place in the 2022 World Cup in Qatar.
Gareth Southgate’s side has been drawn in Group I, also alongside Hungary, Albania, Andorra, and San Marino.
World champions France is in Group D with Ukraine, Finland, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and Kazakhstan.
The Netherlands headline a tricky Group G, which also includes Turkey, Norway, Montenegro, Latvia, and Gibraltar.
Croatia, the beaten finalists two years ago, are in an intriguing Group H with Slovakia, Russia, Slovenia, Cyprus, and Malta.
Spain will face Sweden, Greece, Georgia, and Kosovo in Group B, with Portugal in Group A along with Serbia, the Republic of Ireland, Luxembourg, and Azerbaijan.
Belgium, the world’s top-ranked side, faces Euro 2016 quarter-final opponents Wales, and Germany will meet Romania and Iceland.
The matches will take place from March to November next year, with the 10 group winners advancing automatically to the finals in Qatar and 10 runners-up heading into the play-offs.
World Cup 2022 UEFA qualifying draw:
Republic of Ireland