The concept of autophagy is to make the body hungry, when a person’s body is hungry, then the cells of his body are also hungry.
These hungry cells will eat their own cells that are no longer useful or cells that have been damaged or dead cells, so as not to become garbage in the body. Thus these dead cells will not produce anything that can harm the body, so the body of a fasting person will cleanse itself.
This scientist named Yoshinori Ohsumi has proven and found that when a person is hungry or fasting in a period of not less than 8 hours and not more than 16 hours, then the body will form a special protein throughout the body called autophagosome.
The autophagosome can be analogised as a giant broom that collects useless dead cells and can harm the body to remove; these dead cells are mostly produced by cancer cells and germ-shaped cells (viruses or bacteria) that cause disease.
The autophagosome protein destroys and eats the harmful cells, then releases them.
As a conclusion from this research, Doctor Yoshinori Ohsumi suggested that a person should undergo the practice of starvation (Fasting) two or three times a week.
Alhamdulillah for Muslims, fasting is sunnah on Monday and Thursday, and it is obligatory for believers to fast for 1 month in the month of Ramadan. This means that the concept of Autophagi has actually been suggested since 15 centuries ago by the (Prophet SAW), all we have to do is practice it with the correct fasting ritual.
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This research has won the NOBEL KEDOKTERAN award to Doctor Yoshinori Ohsumi for his research which he called AUTOPHAGI. The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2016 was awarded to Yoshinori Ohsumi “for his discoveries of mechanisms for autophagy.”
Yoshinori Ohsumi was born 1945 in Fukuoka, Japan. He received a PhD from the University of Tokyo in 1974. After spending three years at Rockefeller University, New York, USA, he returned to the University of Tokyo where he established his research group in 1988. He is since 2009 a professor at the Tokyo Institute of Technology.